Brief description of the breed
The Alaskan Malamute has a powerful body and a strong, hardy body. The breed is considered one of the oldest, and its appearance has changed little since its appearance. The dog is very smart, but you need to put enough effort and perseverance to train it.
If you first see an Alaskan Malamute, you will be amazed at its size. Externally, the dog is similar to a wolf, so many believe that dogs of this breed are descended from wolves. Malamutes often play the role of wolves in various films. Despite its wild appearance, the Alaskan Malamute is a good pet.
These amazing dogs have incredible strength, energy, endurance, and intelligence. It is believed that the breed was originally bred to drag heavy sledges with cargo over long distances, as well as to help in hunting seals and polar bears. Today, a dog is, first of all, a friend. Animals of this breed have achieved considerable success in various competitions and competitions.
The Alaskan Malamute is very mobile. He will be happy to play with you, play sports, run in the Park or swim in the sea. The pet will also be happy to sit with its owner at the TV, but still active games are much more interesting for the Malamute. Keeping this dog is not easy. Therefore, this breed is not suitable for an untrained dog breeder.
For the normal development of the Alaskan Malamute, you need a large space in which the dog will feel comfortable and confident. The independent nature of the animal is the reason that novice dog breeders get the impression that the dog is stupid. In fact, this is not true, but the Malamute is very independent, so an individual approach is necessary in the upbringing of the breed.
If you really want to have such a dog, are ready to give it your attention and love, as well as show patience and perseverance in education, then the Alaskan Malamute will become a true loyal friend for you.
Photo of the Alaskan Malamute:
The Alaskan Malamute is one of the oldest Arctic sled dogs. Thousands of years ago, the breed crossed the ocean and got from Siberia to Alaska. It is believed that the breed was bred by the ancient Northern tribe “Malamut”, which used dogs for movement, as well as for hunting seals and polar bears. The animals also helped move heavy loads on sledges.
This dog was also popular among the Eskimos. Active breeding of Malamutes began during the gold rush, when hardy, strong dogs were needed, able to live in harsh Northern conditions. However, in those days began crossing the Alaskan Malamute with local dogs, so the breed almost disappeared. Thanks to the “malamut” tribe, the breed has been preserved.
Already in the early twentieth century, the breed began to develop actively. First of all, this was due to the need for hardy dogs that could help scientists during difficult Arctic expeditions.
It is worth noting that in the 1900s, a somewhat new variety of this breed was bred, which differed somewhat in appearance. These dogs were actively used during the First World War.
During World War II, most Alaskan Malamutes went to the front to help fight the enemy. This was due to an acute shortage of sled dogs. Unfortunately, many dogs from the war never returned.
The Alaskan Malamute club was first organized in the United States in 1935. In the same year, the breed was officially recognized by the American kennel club. Today, the Alaskan Malamute ranks 55th among all breeds registered by the American kennel club.
Character of the Alaskan Malamute
Alaskan Malamutes are hardy working dogs. Despite the fact that Malamutes are called to carry sledges, take part in search operations, yet these dogs are cheerful and full of energy. They have a playful and friendly character. They are easy to contact even with strangers. This dog is a great family pet.
Maintenance and care
Alaskan Malamutes shed profusely, so they require regular combing, two to three times a week. This amount will be sufficient for grooming. Especially the active shedding of hair occurs twice a year. During these periods, more thorough care with a good brush is necessary. In addition to combing, you will have to trim your claws, take care of your pet’s teeth and ears. As for the cleanliness of the coat, it should be noted that Malamutes, in this regard, are similar to cats: they try to keep their own wool clean. Bathing of such dogs is carried out only a few times a year, except in cases of severe wool contamination during bad weather.
Training and training
Malamutes are hardworking at the genetic level. Despite this, it is quite difficult to train and train them, and at home it becomes an impossible task for most dog breeders. To train and train dogs of this breed, you will need a real specialist who has perseverance and knowledge of the breed’s characteristics.
The Alaskan Malamute is the best dog to participate in the race, as well as a reliable assistant during the Northern expeditions. For example, Admiral bird used these dogs in his expedition to the North pole. Often dogs of this breed are attracted to participate in search and rescue operations, especially when it comes to saving people caught in an avalanche.
Health and disease
The average life span of the Alaskan Malamute is approximately 12-15 years. The most common diseases of these dogs include: autoimmune hemolytic anemia, bloating, cancer, chondrodysplasia (dwarfism), diabetes, epilepsy, eye diseases (corneal degeneration and dystrophy, glaucoma, cataract, generalized progressive retinal atrophy), hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, skin diseases (generalized demodecosis, follicular dysplasia). Often, Malamutes have genetic pathologies that lead to impaired absorption of zinc, which, in turn, provokes various skin lesions (even if the level of zinc in food corresponds to the norm).
Some interesting facts
- It is not recommended to buy a puppy of this breed for untrained, novice dog breeders.
- The Alaskan Malamute is very independent, so all family members will have the task of raising the dog in such a way that it understands its place and importance in the family.
- Malamutes love to dig holes. The yard should be securely fenced with a fence dug into the ground.
- The Alaskan Malamute is very active and has a complex character, it is necessary to make a lot of effort for its education and training. Otherwise, the animal will show the worst side of its character.
- Early socialization of the dog will be the key to successful upbringing. The right approach will help to raise an obedient dog from a pet that will meet all the requirements of the owner.
- The Malamute’s hunting instincts are quite frequent. The dog can chase cats, small relatives, squirrels and other small animals. The only way that can minimize such manifestations is early socialization.
- The Alaskan Malamute is prone to annual molting, which occurs twice a year. The thick coat of this animal indicates that a hot climate is not suitable for a pet.
- Dogs of this breed rarely bark. The main form of communication that you can hear is a small howl. This is another point that points to the similarity of a dog with a wolf.
- If you want to buy a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from random sellers. Trust only proven dog breeders!