Brief description of the breed
American pit bull Terrier, abbreviated Pitbull (Pitbull) – an American dog of medium size, which belongs to one of the varieties of pit bulls. This breed is often compared to the American Staffordshire Terrier and Staffordshire bull Terrier.
The height of a pit bull is from 45 to 60 centimeters, and the weight can vary from 15 to 30 kilograms. Dogs of this breed are muscular and have a downed physique. For its size, the pit bull is very strong. The wedge-shaped head is quite large, but not massive and is quite symmetrical to the rest of the body. There are small creases on the dog’s forehead. The hair of these dogs is short. As for the color, it can be any. Pit bulls are monophonic and several colors. As well as the color, the color of the eyes can be different, but there are no blue-eyed pit bulls. The dog’s short tail has a conical shape.
The American pit bull Terrier refers to companion and family dogs. Initially, this breed was bred as a kind of” bait ” for bulls. Later these dogs began to withdraw for participation in fights, and even later pit bull Terriers became family dogs. By the way, these dogs, despite their character, get along well with children.
The tenacity of pit bulls, their courage and activity, make them excellent athletes, as well as unsurpassed Pets that successfully cope with tasks of dexterity and obedience.
The American pit bull Terrier belongs to the so-called “bully dogs”. It is worth noting that “pit bull” is not a breed, but just a designation to describe the American pit bull Terrier, bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier and Staffordshire bull Terrier. At the same time, some people tend to think that all these varieties are absolutely the same dogs. In fact, this is not quite true. The confusion itself began in 1930, when the American kennel club recognized the American Staffordshire Terrier as a separate breed, but the American pit bull Terrier did not.
Today there is a stereotype that the pit bull Terrier is a dangerous dog. The fault was that the animals were bred specifically to participate in dog fights, so they developed the appropriate character. We will not, of course, hide that in recent years there have been many cases of aggression on the part of pit bulls.
In fact, the circumstances are such that most cases of aggression of dogs of this breed are isolated. Such situations are widely covered in the media, but these cases, as already noted, are isolated. Thus, the stereotype of a dangerous dog was formed due to the negligent attitude of people to information about cases of aggression.
Every pit bull owner should know that they can face people’s distrust and even anger towards you as the owner of a” dangerous ” dog. The fault is misinformation. This breed is not for everyone, especially not for those who are not ready to spend their time on a decent upbringing or can not provide consistent, clear training.
With sufficient socialization and qualified training, pit bull Terriers make excellent companion dogs that get along well with children. They like to be with people and are gentle with them. Often dogs of this breed love to meet and wait for their owner at the door. American pit bulls are loyal and loyal to their family. If necessary, they will always come to the aid of their owner and family members.
Pitbull puppies are very smart. They are easy to train and happy to perform various commands. Pit bulls love to participate in all family activities. Even in adulthood, pit bulls can behave like puppies, but this behavior only manifests itself in their native environment. Having bought a puppy of this breed, you will be surprised how you could live without a pit bull before.
Pit bulls were bred in the early 19th century in England to participate in the then popular bull and bear baiting. But these sports were considered inhumane and cruel in 1835 and were banned. In their place came dogfights. Consequently, aggression was deliberately cultivated in dogs, which subsequently remained at the genetic level. But these dogs have another genetic feature – an unwillingness to bite people. Later breeders began to work to ensure that the dog’s behavior in the ring and in the family was different. As a result, the breed began to gain popularity and began to join families, showing their best qualities.
When the pit bull got to the American continent, it became particularly popular on farms. Animals are perfectly coped with the tasks on the hunt for game, they protected the property and was simply unbeatable companions. In America, breeders began working to increase the size of dogs of this breed. As a result, the pit bull in the United States has become much larger than its counterparts in England.
In 1898, the British kennel club (analogous to the American club) named this breed the American pit bull Terrier. But the American kennel club recognized the breed in the early 1930s, but under a new name. Intending to separate the breed from its fighting dog ancestors, the club decided to name the breed the American Staffordshire Terrier.
Since then, the American Staffordshire Terrier has officially appeared at various exhibitions, while dogs of the American pit bull Terrier breed can not be found at official events.
The nature of the pit bull
Pit bulls are very aggressive. Fighting character is still present in many representatives of this breed. Aggression can manifest itself even when the dog is raised from childhood with cats or other dogs. Such a bad character suggests that during walks with your pet you need to show maximum attention and not leave the animal unattended. If you notice that other dogs are paying attention to your pet, or Vice versa, then it should be immediately taken away from the site. Of course, the pit bull should always be on a reliable leash, and the yard in which the pet will live, and spend time there, must be securely fenced.
Pit bull Terriers have been branded a fighting dog since birth. It is all the fault of news and newspaper reports about the aggression of some representatives of this breed. In many Western countries, shelters with pit bulls are overflowing, and in some even banned their breeding. The very name of the breed instills fear in some people. Such fears are in most cases unfounded. Pit bulls are very well-behaved if they live in a loving family. They are loyal and reliable, they are excellent companion dogs. They love being around people and want to be among their family and take part in their life. Any event, whether it is a walk in the woods, going on a picnic or just sitting in the yard, must be carried out together with your pet. If a pit bull feels loved and cared for, it will respond in kind.
Maintenance and care
It is not difficult to take care of a pit bull. They just need to be bathed as necessary, combed weekly, and wiped with a damp cloth from time to time. This will be quite enough to keep the coat in a healthy and beautiful condition.
The ears of the American pit bull Terrier require regular monitoring for signs of contamination, irritation and infection. Clean the ears with a special swab and a tool prescribed by the veterinarian. At the same time, you should never use a cotton swab to clean the ear canal.
It is also necessary to brush the pit bull’s teeth weekly. This will prevent the occurrence of Tartar, strengthen the gums and prevent the occurrence of unpleasant odors from the oral cavity. The claws are cut once a month, unless, of course, the dog itself does not wear them off.
Training and training
The process of training the American pit bull Terrier should start at an early age. Pit bull training should take place in a calm, non-aggressive manner. Training should not involve very long sessions, but the intervals between them should also be short. Otherwise, the pet will quickly get tired of everything, even if you offer treats.
During the training of dogs of this breed, you need to be patient, as the process may take a long time. Even well-trained pit bull Terriers can eventually behave spoilt, thus checking what they can and can’t do. In such situations, it is necessary to behave calmly, but let the dog know that this can not be done.
If there are children in the family, then the puppy should start communicating with them from the first day of appearance in the house. It is noteworthy that, despite the fact that pit bulls usually get along well with children in the family, they can show distrust and even aggression towards other people’s children. That is why during the period of socialization of the American pit bull Terrier, it is necessary to teach the dog to understand that all children must be treated well.
Health and disease
The average life span of an American pit bull Terrier is 10-15 years. The main health problems include: actinic keratosis (solar keratosis), allergies, bloating, cancer, cataracts, congenital heart defects (in particular, subaortic stenosis), ligament rupture, cutaneous hemangiomas, cutaneous histiocytoma, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and Willebrand’s disease.
Some interesting facts
- The American pit bull Terrier is not the best choice for people who do not have a lot of free time.
- Dogs of this breed should be trained and socialized at an early age. This is necessary to prevent the manifestation of stubbornness and aggression in the character, which in view of the strength of this dog, it is not easy to fight.
- During walks, the pit bull must be on a leash. In no case should you go out in public places without a leash, otherwise you risk that the dog will start a real fight with their relatives.
- If the American pit bull Terrier is not properly socialized as a puppy, then its owner risks getting an aggressive pet instead of a companion dog.
- If you decide to travel with a pit bull, make sure that the importation of dogs of this breed is not prohibited.
- American pit bull Terriers are prone to chewing. Buy enough different chewing toys to prevent damage to furniture or decor that the dog may start chewing.
- Pit bulls are best suited to those who have a lot of free time and a lot of desire and patience to raise a pet.